NATO has 12 original founding member nation states, and from 18 February 1952 to 6 May 1955, it added three more member nations, and a fourth on 30 May 1982. NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. Twelve countries took part in the founding of NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In 1952, Greece and Turkey became members of the Alliance, joined later by West Germany (in 1955) and Spain (in 1982). The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries. Withdrawal from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is the legal and political process whereby a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation withdraws from the North Atlantic Treaty, and thus the country in question ceases to be a member of NATO. In 2002, Sweden revised its security doctrine. Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyz Republic, Malta, The Republic of Moldova, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. All members have militaries, except for Iceland, which does not have a typical army (but it does have a coast guard and a small unit of civilian specialists for NATO operations). Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is the process of including new member states in NATO. The treaty proposed equal limits for the two "groups of states-parties", the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact. The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 20 states are members. Article Five of the treaty states that if an armed attack occurs against one of the member states, it shall be considered an attack against all members, and other members shall assist the attacked member, with armed forces if necessary. Only in the US and Canada did more than 50% of the people answer that they should. NATO has 12 original founding member nation states and through April 2009 it has added 16 more member nations. In 1990, with the reunification of Germany, NATO grew to include the former country of East Germany. The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. UN Resolution 1325: Women, Peace and Security, Valge 13, III korrus, ruum 32, Tallinn, 11415. At the 2008 Bucharest summit, Greece vetoed the country's invitation to join; however, NATO member states agreed that the country would receive an invitation upon resolution of the Macedonia naming dispute. The security doctrine still states that "Sweden pursues a policy of non-participation in military alliances," but permits cooperation in response to threats against peace and security. The Adriatic States Albania and Croatia joined in the sixth enlargement in 2009, Montenegro in 2017 and North Macedonia in 2020. 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia. [42] [43]. West Germany and Spain joined later. Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, This article is about the composition of NATO. Currently, there is no such army, and defence is a matter for the member states. Relations between the United States and the European Union are the bilateral relations between the country and supranational organization. NATO allies boost defense spending in the wake of Trump criticism, Former US ambassador to Nato in withering criticism of Donald Trump, Shaken by Trump’s Criticism of NATO, Europe Mulls Building Own Military Force, Support for NATO is widespread among member nations, U.S. would defend NATO despite Trump's criticism, Europeans believe: study, "Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019)", Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe. Ukraine applied to begin a NATO Membership Action Plan (MAP) in 2008. 1982 saw Spain come aboard and the Czech Republic, Hungary, … The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is the European Union's (EU) course of action in the fields of defence and crisis management, and a main component of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The group expanded in 1952 to include Greece and Turkey and then, again, in 1955 to formally introduce West Germany into the fold. Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, NATO ('North Atlantic Treaty Organization') was founded in 1949 by a collection of twelve world powers that included the United States, United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Canada. [38] Criticism of the organization by current US President Donald Trump caused various reactions from American and European political figures, ranging from ridicule to panic. This says that any country that wants to leave must send the United States a "notice of denunciation," which the U.S. would then pass on to the other countries in the alliance. NATO has added new members eight times since its foundation, in 1949, with a total of 30 members. NATO's Headquarters are located in Evere, Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium. NATO has 12 original founding member nation states, and from 18 February 1952 to 6 May 1955, it added three more member nations, and a fourth on 30 May 1982. [2] [3] [4]. The process of joining the alliance is governed by Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which allows only for the invitation of "other European States", and by subsequent agreements. The 2017 Brussels Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was the 28th formal meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, held in Brussels, Belgium, on 25 May 2017. The response to whether their country should militarily aid another NATO country if it were to get into a serious military conflict with Russia was also mixed. It was established at the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. In 1995, the country joined the Partnership for Peace. NATO's 28 members are Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States. Light blue marks new members. Plans for NATO membership were shelved by Ukraine following the 2010 presidential election in which Viktor Yanukovych, who preferred to keep the country non-aligned, was elected President. Under this treaty the signatories, referred to as the five powers, agreed to collaborate in the defence field as well as in the political, economic and cultural fields. Three of NATO's members are nuclear weapons states: France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The government also seeks to maintain Sweden's high standard of living. The Warsaw Pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO in 1955 per the London and Paris Conferences of 1954, but it is also considered to have been motivated by Soviet desires to maintain control over military forces in Central and Eastern Europe. Georgia has moved quickly following the Rose Revolution in 2003 to seek closer ties and eventual membership with NATO.

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